A daily challenge, clean drinking water in Kasanje Village!
At the moment people are fetching mainly surface water, very often polluted:
Children have to support their families too. Time spend fetching water,
results in less time spend at school:
The official status report of Kasanje Subcountry Local Government Directorate of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Wakiso district Uganda (WASH, January 2015) shares the following facts:
REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
KASANJE SUBCOUNTY LOCAL
GOVERNMENT DIRECTORATE OF WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE WAKISO DISTRICT UGANDA
P.O.Box 7256 Wakiso
Uganda Tel +256414456730
The link between access to safe clean water and
overall health of the people in kasanje village became clear as NGOs began
their intervention in improving access to clean water in communities.
Access to water and later on clean safe water is
greatly lacking in 70% of villages in Kasanje Sub County.
The water sources that exist are surely contaminated
making severe illness and premature death a daily life and 17% of death in
children under the age of 5 are simply due to diarrhea.
For those reasons we give safe water a top priority
for our communities and our development partners ie NGOs and civil Organizations.
· Total average population in
kasanje Sub County 135.000 inhabitants (65%women and children, 35% men)
· Total number of villages in
kasanje Sub County 54
· Total average population per
village 2500 by quarter of 2014
· Average litres of water used
per household per day 20
· Distance to access clean water
per household 5 kilometers
· Means of access to clean water;
manual bicycles and walking on foot with jerrycans on the head
· Mostly affected members women
and children 70%
· Sources of water points;
Natural water spring wells, rainforest streamlined wells, boreholes, public
Inhabitants live on 1 dollar
· Total number school going
number of water sources in kasanje- 162
Natural flowing Water Springs Wells -128
Constructed and protected water
springs wells -30
Unconstructed wells- 80
Neglected and dried out wells-
In process o f construction
2014/2015 by NGOs- 8
Mechanically blocked- 8
Dried out- 2
Seasonal rainforest water spring wells -10
Dried out- 8
Gazetted public Rain catchment water tanks
Blocked down due to neglect and
needs repairs- 5
Blocked down beyond repair- 2
Water status effects on Health (reference
children and women
Children under age 5- 17% death
Children age 1o and 17- 12%
Women and men age 18 and above
mostly affected by typhoid -40%
Children and women affected by
Children affected by bilharzias
Water status effects on education and
17% of girls drop out of school
due to poor hygiene
10% boys spend much of their
time fetching water for household use compared to school time
8% of defilement and rape cases
in women and girls in the community are due to lack of access to safe drinking
water due to long distances and unsafe routes to water sources.
5% of boys drop out of school
to practice water businesses in the community to earn a living as a result of
scarcity of water.
4% of house holds income levels
drop as a result of poor access to water for crop cultivation and agriculture
especially during dry seasons lagging development in the community.
Local government adopted Strategies
In search for solutions to the problems of
water and clean water access, kasanje Sub County has adopted a 3 phase
strategic approach to safe and clean water supervision.
Safe water sources
Community constructed shallow spring water wells and boreholes through
donations from NGOs
Safe water storage
safe water storage chain and construction of rain water catchment tanks for
schools, households, public points for water storage during the rain season.
Point of safe water use and
works to make sure the community draw water from safe sources through promotion
of safe water practices and treatment and follow the global guidelines on best
practices to ensure water safety.
According to the Uganda government Water Safety Plan are to ensure
safe drinking water through a chain of safe water strategies which include:
Preventing contamination of
Treating water to reduce or
remove contamination that could be resent to the extent necessary to meet water
Prevent recontamination during storage,
distribution and handling of drinking water through education, sensitization and
awareness of logistics of construction.
The general poor access to clean safe drinking water in Kasanje Sub
County affects more children and women which in return has affected the general
community development and lowered household income levels by 45%.
Therefore without urgent intervention from the government and world
water bodies, Kasanje Village and Uganda lags behind in achieving the UN
Millennium Development Goals.
Water sources in Kikajjo Village, Koba Village, Nakawuka Village, Sakabussolo Village, Zibba Village
In collaboration with our partner organisation in Uganda "Power Minds Youth Organisation", we are going to step change the situation in Kasanje Village. The first water well project has been finished recently and handed over to the community:
Bosco Mugerwa is a brick maker in Kasanje Village.
Water contributes 75% of what he needs to run his daily business. He makes 100
bricks a day, without water he would be out of job and his family without any
Silvia Namugenyi is in primary 6 at Sokolo Primary
School. Access to water as a girl means better hygiene and sanitation. Many
girls in schools nearby suffer from effects of poor hygiene. Silvia is now glad
to have free access to clean water without any worries.
We will continue our project work with the support of Eden Springs aiming to re-build all blocked or dried-out water wells in Kasanje Village.