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Kasanje Village


A daily challenge, clean drinking water in Kasanje Village!

At the moment people are fetching mainly surface water, very often polluted:


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Children have to support their families too. Time spend fetching water,

results in less time spend at school:


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The official status report of Kasanje Subcountry Local Government Directorate of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Wakiso district Uganda (WASH, January 2015) shares the following facts:





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                                                                  THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

KASANJE SUBCOUNTY LOCAL GOVERNMENT DIRECTORATE OF WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE WAKISO DISTRICT UGANDA

                           P.O.Box 7256 Wakiso Uganda Tel +256414456730




The link between access to safe clean water and overall health of the people in kasanje village became clear as NGOs began their intervention in improving access to clean water in communities.

Access to water and later on clean safe water is greatly lacking in 70% of villages in Kasanje Sub County.

The water sources that exist are surely contaminated making severe illness and premature death a daily life and 17% of death in children under the age of 5 are simply due to diarrhea.

For those reasons we give safe water a top priority for our communities and our development partners ie NGOs and civil Organizations.

Analysis:

·  Total average population in kasanje Sub County 135.000 inhabitants                 (65%women and children, 35% men)

·      Total number of villages in kasanje Sub County  54

·      Total average population per village 2500 by quarter of 2014

·      Average litres of water used per household per day 20

·       Distance to access clean water per household 5 kilometers

·       Means of access to clean water; manual bicycles and walking on foot with jerrycans on the head

·       Mostly affected members women and children 70%

·       Sources of water points; Natural water spring wells, rainforest streamlined wells, boreholes, public water tanks.

·       Inhabitants live on 1 dollar per day

·      Total number school going children 65%


Total number of water sources in kasanje- 162

Natural flowing Water Springs Wells -128

·       Constructed and protected water springs wells -30

·       Unconstructed wells- 80

·       Neglected and dried out wells- 10

·       In process o f construction 2014/2015 by NGOs- 8

·       Boreholes- 15

·       Functional- 5

·       Mechanically blocked- 8

·       Dried out- 2

Seasonal rainforest water spring wells -10

·       Functional -2

·       Dried out- 8

Gazetted public Rain catchment water tanks 9

·       Functional- 2

·       Blocked down due to neglect and needs repairs- 5

·       Blocked down beyond repair- 2

Water status effects on Health (reference children and women

·       Children under age 5- 17% death in diarrhea

·       Children age 1o and 17- 12% dysentery

·       Women and men age 18 and above mostly affected by typhoid -40%

·       Children and women affected by cholera- 5%

·       Children affected by bilharzias 10%

Water status effects on education and income

·       17% of girls drop out of school due to poor hygiene

·       10% boys spend much of their time fetching water for household use compared to school time

·       8% of defilement and rape cases in women and girls in the community are due to lack of access to safe drinking water due to long distances and unsafe routes to water sources.

·       5% of boys drop out of school to practice water businesses in the community to earn a living as a result of scarcity of water.

·       4% of house holds income levels drop as a result of poor access to water for crop cultivation and agriculture especially during dry seasons lagging development in the community.


Local government adopted Strategies 2014/2015

 

In search for solutions to the problems of water and clean water access, kasanje Sub County has adopted a 3 phase strategic approach to safe and clean water supervision.

                                

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        ·       Safe water sources

Promoting Community constructed shallow spring water wells and boreholes through donations from NGOs

        ·       Safe water storage

Sensitization on safe water storage chain and construction of rain water catchment tanks for schools, households, public points for water storage during the rain season.

        ·       Point of safe water use and intervention

This strategy works to make sure the community draw water from safe sources through promotion of safe water practices and treatment and follow the global guidelines on best practices to ensure water safety.

           

According to the Uganda government Water Safety Plan are to ensure safe drinking water through a chain of safe water strategies which include:

 

·       Preventing contamination of water sources

·       Treating water to reduce or remove contamination that could be resent to the extent necessary to meet water quality targets.

·       Prevent recontamination during storage, distribution and handling of drinking water through education, sensitization and awareness of logistics of construction.

 

 

Conclusion

The general poor access to clean safe drinking water in Kasanje Sub County affects more children and women which in return has affected the general community development and lowered household income levels by 45%.

Therefore without urgent intervention from the government and world water bodies, Kasanje Village and Uganda lags behind in achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals.


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Water sources in Kikajjo Village, Koba Village, Nakawuka Village, Sakabussolo Village, Zibba Village





In collaboration with our partner organisation in Uganda "Power Minds Youth Organisation", we are going to step change the situation in Kasanje Village. The first water well project has been finished recently and handed over to the community:


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Bosco Mugerwa is a brick maker in Kasanje Village. Water contributes 75% of what he needs to run his daily business. He makes 100 bricks a day, without water he would be out of job and his family without any income. 


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Silvia Namugenyi is in primary 6 at Sokolo Primary School. Access to water as a girl means better hygiene and sanitation. Many girls in schools nearby suffer from effects of poor hygiene. Silvia is now glad to have free access to clean water without any worries.


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We will continue our project work with the support of Eden Springs aiming to re-build all blocked or dried-out water wells in Kasanje Village.






Step-changing the sanitation standards at St Kizito Secondary School, Uganda

 

St. Kizito Secondary school is a Christian founded school along kasanje Mpigi Road in Kasanje Central, Kasanje Parish, Kasanje Sub County. It has a total number of 306 pupils of which 133 are males and 173 females between the age of 13 to 18. They are faced with lack of sustainable sanitation facilities ie Pit latrines for both male and females. The school involves or serves all religions in the subcounty with the biggest number of community pupils. 


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New sanitary facilities at St. Kizito Secondary School





In addition to St Kizito, we will also started a water project at St Agnes primary school:


 

The school is located along Kasanje Mpigi Road, 38 kilometers from Kampala capital city in a village called Ttaba Kamunye, Mako Parish – Kasanje sub county. The school involves all religions. It has a total number of 200 pupils of which 106 are girls and 94 boys age 3 to 12. The school is christian owned by Kasanje parish church. The school lacks water storage facilities and pupils currently collect water in a water source trench which is found in a government forest reserve 3 kilometers from the school. This has put pupils in danger as girls are under threat of being defiled and they also spend a lot of classroom time collecting water. 
Therefore the installation of a water tank together with our partner organization PMYO will greatly help in storing or collecting rain water that can be used often by the school.


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